Friday, February 17, 2012

U-Boats Hit Close to Home

U-66 / Richard Zapp / 2 January 1941 - 3 July 1942

Sunk 6 May 1944 west of Cape Verde Islands, in position 17.17N, 32.29W, by depth charges, ramming and gunfire from Avenger and Wildcat aircraft of the US escort carrier USS Block Island and by the destroyer escort USS Buckley. 24 dead and 36 survivors.
U-71 / Walter Flachsenberg / 14 December 1940 - 3 July 1942

Both Walter Flachsenberg and the crew of the U-71 survived the war. The U-71 was scuttled by its crew on 2 May 1945 in Wilhelmshaven when Germany capitulated.

U-84 / Horst Uphoff / 29 April 1941 - 7 August 1943

Sunk on 7 Aug 1943 in the North Atlantic, in position 27.55N, 68.03W, by a Mk 24 homing torpedo from an American Liberator aircraft (VB-105/B-4 USN). 46 dead (all hands lost).

U-105 / Heinrich Schuch / 7 January 1942 - 30 September 1942

Sunk 2 Jun 1943 near Dakar, in position 14.15N, 17.35W, by depth charges from a one-of-a-kind French Potez-CAMA 141 flying boat names Antarés of Flotille d'exploration 4E, French Naval Air Force. 52 dead (all hands lost).

U-106 / Hermann Rasch / 20 October 1941 - ? April 1943

Sunk 2 Aug 1943 north-west of Cape Ortegal, Spain, in position 46.35N, 11.55W, by depth charges from British and Australian Sunderland aircraft (Sqdn 228/N & 461/M). 22 dead and 36 survivors.

U-107 / Harald Galhaus / 1 December 1941 - 6 June 1943

Sunk 19 Aug 1944 in the Bay of Biscay west of La Rochelle, in position 36.36N, 03.49W, by depth charges from a British Sunderland aircraft (Sqdn. 201/W). 58 dead (all hands lost.)

U-108 / Klaus Scholtz / 22 October 1940 - 14 October 1942

Sunk 11 Apr 1944 at Stettin, by bombs; raised; taken out of service at Stettin 17 Jul 1944; scuttled there 24 Apr 1945.

U-109 / Heinrich Bleichrodt / 5 June 1941 - 31 January 1943

Sunk 4 May 1943 south of Ireland, in position 47.22N, 22.40W, by 4 depth charges from a British Liberator aircraft (Sqdn. 86/P). 52 dead (all hands lost).

U-123 / Reinhard Hardegen / 19 May 1941 - 31 July 1942

U-123 was taken out of service at Lorient, France 17 Jun 1944. Scuttled there 19 Aug 1944. Surrendered to France in 1945 and became the French submarine Blaison. Stricken 18 Aug 1959 as Q165.

U-124 / Johann Mohr / 8 September 1941 - 2 April 1943

The deck log of the U-124 records two attacks on 18 Mar 1942, but there was no way for Johann Mohr to know one tanker from another. His log was overflowing with attack reports ... in the course of a week he sank 7 ships and damaged two others: the E.M. Clark, Esso Nashville, Naeco, W.E. Hutton, Kassandra Louloudis and Ceiba. The U-124 sank 2 Apr 1943 west of Oporto, in position 41.02N, 15.39W, by depth charges from the British corvette HMS Stonecrop and the British sloop HMS Black Swan. 53 dead (all hands lost).

U-125 / Ulrich Folkers / 15 December 1941 - 6 May 1943

Sunk 6 May 1943 east of Newfoundland, in position 52.30N, 45.20W, by ramming by the British destroyer HMS Oribi and gunfire from the British corvette HMS Snowflake. 54 dead (all hands lost).

U-129 / Hans-Ludwig Witt / 14 May 1942 - 8 July 1943
U-129 / Richard von Harpe / 12 July 1943 - 19 July 1944

Decommissioned at Lorient 4 Jul 1944. Rather than turn it over to Allied authorities when Germany agreed to unconditional surrender, its crew scuttled the U-129 on 18 Aug 1944. It was raised and stricken in 1946, and broken up.

U-135 / Friedrich-Hermann Praetorius / 16 August 1941 - ? November 1942

Sunk 15 Jul 1943 in the Atlantic, in position 28.20N, 13.17W, by the British sloop HMS Rochester and the British corvettes HMS Mignonette, HMS Balsam and an American Catalina aircraft (VP-92). 5 dead & 41 survivors. 

U-136 / Heinrich Zimmerman / 30 August 1941 - 11 July 1942

Sunk 11 Jul 1942 in Atlantic west of Madeira, Portugal, in position 33.30N, 22.52W by depth charges from the Free French Destroyer Leopard, the British frigate HMS Spey and the British sloop HMS Pelican. 45 dead (all hands lost).

U-155 / Adolf Cornelius Piening / 23 August 1941 - ? February 1944

Surrendered on 5 May 1945 at Baring Bay near Frederica, Denmark. Transferred from Wilhemshaven to Loch Ryan, Scotland on 30 Jun 1945 for Operation Deadlight. Sunk on 21 Dec 1945 in position 55.35N, 07.39W.

U-158 / Erwin Rostin / 25 September 1941 - 30 June 1942

Sunk 30 Jun 1942 west of the Bermudas, in position 32.50N, 67.28W, by depth charges from a US Mariner aircraft (USN VP-74). 54 dead (all hands lost including two captured merchant marine officers).

U-160 / Georg Lassen / 15 October 1941 - 14 June 1943

Sunk 14 Jul 1943 south of the Azores, in position 33.54N, 27.13W, by aerial torpedoes from Avenger and Wildcat aircraft (from VC-29) of the US escort carrier USS Santee. 57 dead (all hands lost).

U-201 / Adalbert "Adi" Schnee / 25 January 1941 - 24 August 1942

Sunk 17 Feb 1943 in North Atlantic, in position 50.50N, 40.50W, by depth charges from the British destroyer HMS Viscount. 49 dead (all hands lost).

U-202 / Hans-Heinz Linder / 22 March 1941 - 1 September 1942

Sunk 2 Jun 1943 south-east of Cape Farewell, Greenland, in position 56.12N, 39.52W, by depth charges and gunfire from the British sloop HMS Starling. 18 dead and 30 survivors.

U-203 / Rolf Mutzelburg / 18 February 1941 - 11 September 1942

Sunk 25 Apr 1943 south of Cape Farewell, Greenland, in position 55.05N, 42.25W, by depth charges from Swordfish aircraft off the British escort carrier HMS Biter (Sqdn 811/L) and by the British destroyer HMS Pathfinder. 10 dead and 38 survivors.

U-332 / Johannes Liebe / 7 June 1941 - 27 January 1943

During Liebe's third patrol with U-322 in early 1942, he was sent to Cape Hatteras but was severely low on fuel and had only 6 days to hunt. Nonetheless he managed to sink 4 ships before heading back to France. The U-332 was sunk 29 Apr 1943 in the Bay of Biscay north of Cape Finisters, Spain, in position 45.08N, 09.33W, by depth charges from a British Liberator (Sqdn. 224/D). 45 dead (all hands lost).

U-402 / Freiherr Siegfried von Forstner / 21 May 1941 - 13 October 1943

Sunk 13 Oct 1943 in the middle of the North Atlantic, in position 48.56N, 29.41W. by an acoustic torpedo (Fido) from Avenger and Wildcat aircraft (VC-9) of the American escort carrier USS Card. 50 dead (all hands lost).

U-404 / Otto von Bulow / 6 August 1941 - 19 July 1943

Sunk 28 Jul 1943 in the Bay of Biscay, north-west of Cape Ortegal, Spain, in position 45.53N, 09.25W, by depth charges from 2 American Liberator aircraft (A/S Sqdn. 4) and from a British Liberator aircraft (Sqdn. 224). 51 dead (all hands lost).

U-407 / Hubertus Korndorfer / 14 January 1944 - 8 September 1944

Sunk 19 Sep 1944 in the Mediterranean south of Milos, in position 36.27N, 24.33E, by depth charges from the British destroyers HMS Troubridge and HMS Terpsichore and the Polish destroyer Garland. 5 dead and 48 survivors.

U-432 / Heinz-Otto Schultze / 26 April 1941 - 15 January 1943

Sunk 11 Mar 1943 in the North Atlantic, in position 51.35N, 28.20W, by depth charges and gunfire from the Free French corvette Aconit. 26 dead and 20 survivors.
 
U-552 / Erich Topp / 4 December 1940 - 8 September 1942

Scuttled on 2 May 1945 at wilhelmshaven, in position 53.15N, 08.10E.

U-558 / Gunther Krech / 20 February 1941 - 20 July 1943

Sunk 20 Jul 1943 in the Bay of Biscay north-west of Cape Ortegal, Spain, in position 45.10N, 09.42W, by depth charges from a British Halifax and a US Liberator aircraft (Sqdn. 58/E, 19th A/S USAAF/F). Krech was badly wounded during the engagement, but he and four others survived the sinking and were captured by Canadian destroyer Athabascan. 45 dead and 5 survivors.

U-564 / Reinhard Suhren / 3 April 1941 - 1 October 1942

Sunk on June 14, 1943 northwest of Cape Ortegal, Spain, in position 44.17N, 10.25W, by depth charges from a British Whitley aircraft (10 OTU/G). 28 dead and 18 survivors.

U-571 / Helmut Mohlman / 22 May 1941 - 31 May 1943

Sunk 28 Jan 1944 west of Ireland, in position 52.41N, 14.27W, by depth charges from an Australian Sunderland aircraft (RAAF-Sqdn. 461/d). 52 dead (all hands lost).

U-572 / Heinz Hirsacker / 29 May 1941 - 1 August 1941

Sunk on August 3, 1943 northeast of Trinidad, in position 11.35N, 54.05W, by depth charges from a U.S. Mariner aircraft (VP-205/P-6. 47 dead (all hands lost).

U-576 / Hans-Dieter Heinicke / 26 June 1941 - 15 July 1942

Sunk 15 Jul 1942 in the north atlantic near Cape Hatteras in position 34.51N, 75.22W, by depth charges from two US Kingfisher aircraft (VC-9) and gunfire from the US motor vessel Unicoi. 45 dead (all hands lost).

U-653 / Gerhard Feiler / 25 May 1941 - 30 September 1943

Sunk 15 Mar 1944 in the North Atlantic, in position 53.46N, 24.35W, by depth charges from a Swordfish aircraft of the British escort carrier HMS Vindex, and by depth charges from the British sloops HMS Starling and HMS Wild Goose. 51 dead (all hands lost).

U-654 / Ludwig Forster / 2 December 1941 - 22 August 1942

Sunk 22 Aug 1942 in the Caribbean Sea north of Colon, in position 12.00N, 79.56W, by depth charges from a US B-18 Digby aircraft (US Army Bomb. Sqdn. 45). 44 dead (all hands lost).
U-701
U-701 / Horst Degen / 16 July 1941 - 7 July 1942

During Degen's third war patrol with the U-701 he operated in American waters where he sank 4 ships and damaged 5. While waiting to sink one more ship before going back across the Atlantic, his boat was sunk by 4 depth charges in position 34.50N, 74.55W from an American Hudson aircraft (US Army Bomb Sqdn. 396) off Cape Hatteras. All but 7 men escaped to the surface in two 18-man groups. Although the attacking aircraft dropped life-vests and life-rafts and marked the spot with a flair, the 7 eventual survivors were not found until 49 hours later, 110 miles offshore. Nothing was found of the other group of 18 men. Degen and his 6 men were sent to a POW camp. Degan was released in Jun 1946. 39 dead and 7 survivors.

Horst Degen shortly
after his rescue.
U-754 / Hans Oestermann
Sunk 31 Jul 1942 in North Atlantic north of Boston in position 43.02N, 64.52W, by a Canadian Hudson aircraft (RCAF Sqdn. 113, pilot S/L N. E. Small). 43 dead (all hands lost).

U-857 / Rudolf Premauer
Missing since Apr 1945 in the North Atlantic off the US East Coast. No explanation for its loss. 59 dead (all hands lost).

Full biographies of these U-boat captains can be found at The German U-boats.



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