Sunday, January 15, 2012


This listing of ships is by date of wreck:

Sloop Benjamine Eddy / 21 October 1728
Home port Boston, MA; enroute from North Carolina to Boston; completely lost about 6 miles from the Ocracoke Bar.

Schooner Dolphin / 30 October 1749
Bound for Bath. Complained that storms, wind and seas caused his ship to be driven on the Ocracoke Bar and later on shore at Ocracoke Island.

Ship Charming Polly / January 1751
Wrecked in Ocracoke Inlet while enroute from Barbados to Patowmack, VA with 30 hogs head of rum and 40 barrels of sugar. Crew saved.

Schooner Emilia / December 1751
Sank off Teache’s Island while enroute to Hampton, VA. Crew and part of her cargo saved.

Schooner St. Kitts Packet / 1 October 1752
Driven on shore. Some of the damaged cargo was saved but the vessel was apparently lost.

Snow Lillie / 15 April 1770
On way to Ocracoke under Captain Ewer. Came ashore 10 miles north of the village. Crew and cargo saved, but vessel was lost.

Sloop Peggy / 24 December 1771
Driven ashore on Ocracoke Island and completely lost along with cargo. Captain Robert Tompkins, his crew and passengers were saved.

English Merchantman Betsey / 1772
Lost crossing the Ocracoke Bar. Under the command of Capt. Leadbeater.

Rubie / April 1772
Sank on Ocracoke Bar.

Sloop Jenny / 1 September 1772
During a hurricane the sloop Jenny was one of 14 large merchantmen totally lost near the Ocracoke Bar. The Virginia Gazette, dated October 8, lists the captains of some of the vessels as: Captains Clarke, Pearce and Carter from Edenton, Captain Hill from Virginia, Captain Dove from Connecticut, Captain Pender from New Bern and Captains Conway and Thomas from New York. The South Carolina and American General Gazette of September 28 reported … that seven vessels out of eight who were lying at Ocracoke … were entirely lost in the late gale of wind. Other reports say that nearly 50 people perished.

English Merchantman Charming Betsy / Early 1774
Wrecked on Ocracoke Island while on passage from Baltimore to London. Only a small part of her cargo was saved. Commanded by Captain Waugh.

Royal Exchange / September 2, 1775
Though her crew was rescued, this ship was lost off Cape Lookout. She was on a voyage from North Carolina to London.

Brigantine Aurora / 19 September 1776
Wrecked at Portsmouth. All on board survived.

Sloop Betsy / 6 September 1797
The Betsy was lost at Currituck Inlet during a storm. She was returning from Cape Hatteras when, in sight of the Cape Henry lighthouse, she "was obliged to bare away in a gale of wind."

Ship Roanoke / 1 May 1799
Herald of Freedom of Edenton, Edenton, NC: The ship Roanoke, Capt. Ebenezer Paine, from Cadiz, laden with … Brandy, Wine, and Fruit, lately struck on the Bar at Occacock, and went to pieces …

Spanish Brig Neustra Senore Del Carmer / 7 December 1804
The copper-bottomed Spanish brig Neustra Senore Del Carmer wrecked on Ocracoke Bar. Commanded by Captain Manuel Rodrigues.

Schooner Farmer / 2 September 1804
The Wilmington Gazette, Wilmington, NC, Edenton, September 17: Captain Williams of the schooner Farmer, arrived here on Friday last from Norfolk, where he put in distress, having sprung his main mast in the late severe storm, which had done so much damage on the coast, we are informed, that from 23 to 24 sail of vessels, little and big, were dismasted and on shore at the Bar (Ocracoke), in the last gale, which took place on the 2nd inst., many of which, it is expected, will not be got off …

Schooner Valentine / 6 October 1806
Charleston, October 6: On Friday last, about 20 miles south of Cape Hatteras in 15 fathoms water, Captain Dawson fell in with the wreck of the schooner VALENTINE, Captain Eaton, belonging to Portland. Captain Dawson took Captain Eaton, and one seaman, Mr. John Reed, of Freeport, from the wreck, where they had been for four days, without food or nourishment; the mate, Mr. Edward Grow, and two seamen, Edwin Figures, of Edenton, and Thomas Clark, of Cape Elizabeth, were washed off the wreck and drownd.

Ship Lively Lady / September 1810
Enroute from New Orleans to Liverpool. Drifted ashore on Ocracoke Island with no one on board.

Ship Eliza / 1816
Lost on Ocracoke Island while on passage from Jamaica to Philadelphia. Captain Steele, his crew and part of the cargo were saved.

Rosetta / 4 March 1817
Lost while crossing the Ocracoke Bar on passage from New York. Crew and cargo saved.

Ship Voucher / 4 November 1817 / Chicamacomico
Sailing from New York to Charleston under Captain Howland, the Voucher wrecked at Chicamacomico. All of her crew, passengers and cargo was saved.

Emeline, Federalist, John Burney, John Wallace, Milo, Olive Branch & Susan / 3 September 1821
During a hurricane on September 3rd at least 7 vessels were destroyed in the Ocracoke/Portsmouth area: The SUSAN, Capt. Thomas commanding, enroute to Baltimore from Ocracoke was driven ashore and lost; the schooner MILO, Capt. Fisher commanding, enroute to New Bern with a cargo of claret wine and molasses was lost, but cargo was saved; the schooner JOHN BURNEY bilged and was totally lost; the FEDERALIST, under the command of Capt. Luther, home port Washington was a total loss, crew was saved; the EMELINE, Capt. Caruther commanding, ran ashore in the breakers while trying to put to sea and was totally lost; and the OLIVE BRANCH and JOHN WALLACE also sank at Ocracoke.

Sloop Emily / 30 March 1823
From New York City under the command of Captain West wrecked on the Ocracoke Bar. Vessel lost but crew and cargo of corn and bacon saved.

Sloop Only Son / 1823
Bilged on the bar while on passage from Martinique to Elizabeth City with a cargo of molasses. Home port Cohasset, ME.

Schooner Wesley / 1823
Wrecked on Ocracoke’s north bar while enroute from Alexandria, VA to Florida. All crew members but one drowned and vessel was totally lost.

French Merchantman Caroline Du Nord / 19 January 1924
Lost while crossing the Ocracoke Bar. Commanded by Captain Grace.

Schooner Susan / 1 June 1824
Lost while crossing the Ocracoke Bar. Enroute from Demarara to Philadelphia. No lives lost.

Ship Washington / 24 January 1825
Lost on beach enroute from Jamaica.

Nancy / 21 February 1825
Lost while crossing the bar. Commanded by Captain Hatch.

Merchantman Horam / 6 April 1825
Lost on the Bar while enroute from Boston to Jamaica. Under the command of Captain Eldridge.

Packet Schooner Amity / 5 January 1826
Wrecked on Ocracoke Bar while enroute to New Bern from New York City. Vessel completely lost, but Captain George Dixon, others on board and cargo were saved.

Schooner Gideon Sparrow / 6 June 1827
Wrecked and totally lost. Under command of Captain Mekins.

Schooner Mentor / 25 & 26 August 1827
The September 6 issue of The Carolina Observer, Fayetteville, reported on the storm of August 24 & 25: Disastrous Intelligence: Five vessels are ashore at Teache's Hole, and one has drifted into the Sound, her fate not known. There were but six vessels in Wallace's Channel, and all of them are said to be ashore. (The schooner MENTOR, Captain Manson of New Bern was among them). The WILLIAM AND FREDERICK, and another Schr. are ashore at the marshes...

Schooner Victory / 6 February 1837
The British schooner from Jamaica for Norfolk went ashore, Feb. 6t on Boddy’s Island, 50 miles south of Cape Henry. Crew Saved.

Schooner Seaman / 5 March 1837
Of Duxbury, half full of water, no person on board, was boarded, March 5 by the Miles King of Norfolk. The crew had been taken off by the steamer South Carolina.

Schooner Hunter / 19 August 1837
Of and from Norfolk for Charleston, was driven ashore the southward of Cape Henry. Two of the crew perished. Vessel and cargo totally lost.

Sloop Oran Sherwood / 29 October 1837
New York Evening Post -- The sloop Oran Sherwood, Bailey, from New York via Cape Henlopen, bound to Apalachicola, run on shore on Sunday last, 28th, on Currituck Beach about 47 miles south of Cape Henry, during a heavy gale from the northward and thick weather—crew saved, vessel probably bilged.

Schooner Wave / 9 December 1837
From Higham, in ballast, bound to Elizabeth city, went ashore on Currituck Beach, 19 Jan. Crew saved—vessel has bilged.

Brig Ralph / 15 December 1837
20 days from New Orleans, bound to Baltimore, went ashore near the Washwoods, on December 15 and bilged.

Schooner Horse / 31 January 1838
The three-masted schooner of Boston, from Wilmington, NC laden with lumber, bound to Baltimore was run ashore about six miles south of Carver’s Inlet, Currituck Counter, N.C. on 31 Jan., having previously sprung a leak. Vessel lost—crew saved.

Schooners Ann Stille , Eliza Marie, Henry Camerden, Marie & Lighter Transport / 7 July 1842
During a hurricane on July 7th the schooner MARIE was totally lost with all on board at Ocracoke; the schooner ANN STILLE, bound for Philadelphia, under the command of Capt. Hoffman, was wrecked with a cargo of lumber; the schooner ELIZA MARIE was lost; te lighter TRANSPORT was ashore in the breakers, all hands lost; the schooner HENRY CAMERDEN out of Philadelphia, sank, a total loss. Several other vessels were ashore north of Hatteras.

Granary, John Hughes, John L. Durand, Kimberly, Pioneer & W.H. Harrison / 23 & 24 August 1842
During a hurricane on August 23 & 24, the brig PIONEER out of the Truk Islands with a load of sale enroute to Norfolk, VA went ashore on Ocracoke Island, North Banks, 30 miles south of Cape Hatteras, losing the cargo and one crewman; the schooner GRANARY, under the command of Capt. Hooper, also went ashore losing her crew and cargo; the schooners W.H. Harrison and John Hughes and the brig KIMBERLY were also lost on Ocracoke; and the brig JOHN L. DURAND bilged and sank while enroute to the West Indies, losing one crewman.

Schooner Deposite / 17 November 1842
Enroute from Boston to New Bern. Destroyed inside the bar.

Schooner Eolus / 31 December 1845
An unknown schooner (probably the Eolus) came ashore on Ocracoke while enroute to Florida from New York City. The vessel was lost but the cargo of dry goods was saved in damaged condition.

Schooner Avon / 19 February 1846
Out of Washington. Came ashore at Ocracoke on Valentine’s Day but was able to get off with little damage. Went ashore again on February 19 and was totally lost.

Schooner Charles Slover / 6 July 1846
Out of New Bern with a cargo of naval stores. Bilged and sank in a gale at Ocracoke and was totally lost.

Schooners Patrick Henry, Sophia D, Conquest and brig Washington / 7 July 1846
On July 7th three schooners were lost at Ocracoke: the PATRICK HENRY and SOPHIA D. sank at the bar; and the CONQUEST was turned bottom-up at the Bar, broke up and two crew members were lost. The brig WASHINGTON was wrecked on Ocracoke Bar.

Schooners Benjamine Harrison & George Warren / 30 December 1846
The Benjamine Harrison wrecked in the Beacon Island Roads, near Ocracoke, while enroute to New York City. Also enroute to New York City, the George Warren was lost on Ocracoke with a cargo of dry goods.

Schooner Claudia and Mary / 12 August 1847
Went ashore on Ocracoke.

Schooner Wake / September 1857
Lost at Ocracoke.

Schooner Melvina / 29 October 1859
During a storm the Melvina sprung a leak and went ashore on the inside of Ocracoke Bar. She was under the command of Capt. Cahoon, carrying a cargo of naval stores bound for Boston. She was reported to be a total loss.

Schooner Georgia & battery Rocket / 1862
Lost in Hatteras Inlet.

Schooner Paddy Martin / 1865
Bound to Elizabeth City from New York. Wrecked south of Hatteras Inlet during a snow squall. Eight crewmen froze to death.

Brig Harriet / Year-End 1865
On passage from Spain to Liverpool. Wrecked 10 miles south of Hatteras Inlet during a heavy gale.

Schooner A. Kingsley / Early 1867
Enroute to New York City from Porto Aton. Wrecked on Ocracoke during a gale of wind.

Schooner Wide World / 1869
Enroute to New York from Savannah, GA, wrecked south of Hatteras Inlet during a storm. One life lost.

Schooner Melvina Jane / Early 1870
Schooner on passage to Boston, MA. Wrecked between Hatteras and Ocracoke during good weather. Cause unknown.

Schooner C.A. Johnson / July 1872
While enroute from New York City to Washington, her rudder gears gave way and wrecked at Hatteras Inlet. According to the Wilmington Weekly Star, July 5th, 1872 ... The cargo was saved, in a damaged condition, by the Ocracoke wreckers. The steamer STEVENS took two lady passengers ... to Washington.

Schooner L. Strudivant / 18 May 1876
The Morning Star, Wilmington, May 18th reported the following: Beaufort Eagle: A telegram from Cape Hatteras to B.L. Perry, agent for Underwriters, informs him that the schooner L. STRUDIVANT, from Newberne for New York, with a cargo of shingles, is sunk at Hatteras Inlet. No lives were lost.

Schooner Harmon Curtis / 17 August 1878
Home port Harrington, ME. Came ashore on the Ocracoke Beach, ½ mile NE of the cable box. Total loss.

Schooner William P. Cox / 12 March 1879
On passage from Washington to New York City, with a cargo of lumber. Under command of Captain Burris with crew of seven. Grounded on the south side of Hatteras Inlet. Lumber lost but vessel saved.

Schooner L.A. VanBrunk / 18 August 1879
A hurricane which had formed east of the Leeward Islands several days before, made first landfall near Wilmington and quickly passed inland, going back to sea just south of the Virginia border. During this storm, the L.A. VanBrunk grounded 3 miles north of Ocracoke Light and broke in two. Crew of six were saved, cargo of logwood salvaged, vessel a complete loss.

Schooner Katie Miller / 22 November 1880
Wilmington Morning Star, Wilmington, NC, November 27, 1880: Schooner Katie Miller, Capt. Scull, from Wilmington, Delaware, with a cargo of railroad iron, bound for Galveston, Texas, went ashore one mile south of Hatteras Inlet on the 22nd The crew, consisting of eight men, was saved in the schooner’s boat. The vessel is bilged and will probably prove a total loss.

Schooner John N. Parker / 8 January 1884
Schooner of Seaford, DE under the command of Captain Bell. While enroute to Norfolk from Philadelphia with a load of coal, she was carried far out of course and stranded at 7 a.m. 4 miles SW of the Hatteras station. The vessel was immediately sighted, but began breaking up before the life savers could reach her. Her 6 crewmen were rescued by breeches buoy.

Schooner Caroline / 19 December 1884
Schooner from Washington, NC stranded 6 miles NNW of the Ocracoke Station while on passage to Wilmington with a cargo of rice. Under the command of Captain Gaskill with a crew of 5. Crew saved but the vessel and cargo was lost.

Schooner Samuel B. Grice / 27 January 1885
While on day watch the morning of January 27, Surfman H.H. Balance sighted a schooner that appeared to be ashore near Ocracoke Village, about 13 miles away. The vessel proved to be the schooner Samuel B. Grice. Keeper Howard’s report follows: The schooner not having no signals hoisted Keeper tuck horse, rode to the Island finding her ashore as stated. Getting in with one of the citisons that was going aboard … He sead he did not (want assistance) he had got some men for to get her off. I gave him my advice so went ashore returning to the station. Nex morning, 6 a.m. … before they cold get her off the wind shifted in the NW blew very fresh. The sch sunk loosing cargo, vessel and sold her and all the next day. February 6th, 1885 Jas W. Howard, Keeper.

Schooner Electric Light / 27 March 1886
I don’t know if the Electric Light ended up on Ocracoke or not but these reports may indicate otherwise. At the time there were 3 vessels registered under this name according to the Merchant Vessels of the United States registry. But taking other newspaper clippings into account it was apparent that the vessel out of Gloucester, MA was the one lost in the collision with the schooner Anne Lord. (Ben Wunderly, Assoc. Museum Curator, NC Maritime Museum, Beaufort, NC)

Schooner Scud / 1886
On her way to Hatteras from Norfolk, VA under the command of Captain Broker and one crewman when she sank four miles NE of the Hatteras Inlet Station.

Schooner Venus / 24 October 1890
At 7 a.m. on the morning of October 24 the two-masted schooner Venus stranded on Hatteras Shore, about 7 miles NE of the Ocracoke Station during a strong northwester. The vessel, owned by Annie Harris of New Bern and built in 1885, had a crew of three and was enroute to Hatteras from Washington when the incident occurred. She was floated on November 1.

Launch Pamlico / 13 January 1910
Built in Pamlico in 1898. She sank while anchored 3 miles east of the Portsmouth Station and completely lost. Crew ashore at the time.

Yacht Onawa II / 23 April 1910
Of New York City enroute from Jacksonville, FL to Norfolk, VA. Went ashore 2-1/2 miles south of the Ocracoke Station. All eight on board were saved.

Schooner Grace G. Bennett / 1913
The three-masted Bennett, under the command of Captain S.H. Larmore, was sunk to her hatches 1-1/2 miles west of southwest point. Built in Bethel, DE in 1893, she was on passage to Baltimore, MD from Washington with a cargo of lumber. Captain Larmore was traveling with his wife, four daughters and crew who, according to the wreck report, was Mate George Bennett, Cook Richard Ford “colard” and Sailors Drennen Larmore and John Smith “colard.”

Freighter Dependent ~ 9 September 1935
The News reported the next maritime incident near Ocracoke. Hatteras, Sept. 9: The DEPENDENT, a freight boat plying between Belhaven and Hatteras, burned off Hatteras Inlet Sunday morning while the crew of three were rescued by the Hatteras Inlet Coast Guard. The blaze started with a fire in the engine room. The freighter was owned by Irvin Day and his son, Rion Day, of South Creek. Capt. Rion Day and two others were aboard when the ship caught fire and Mr. Day was painfully burned on the hand while fighting the flames. The boat had unloaded and was on its way back to Belhaven when the accident occurred. The ship, which was valued at $4,000, was a total loss and no insurance was carried.

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